Melanin is a pigment derived from tyrosine, an amino acid necessary for the entire body to function properly. In our skin, melanin is manufactured in melanocytes, cells of the epidermis. When there is any change in the manufacture of these cells, it is when the pigmentation of the skin occurs.
This can mainly be caused by sun exposure, hormonal imbalance and some medications. The sun accentuates this pathology, so your pharmacist will recommend high-index photoprotectors and the use of self-tanners or corrective makeup, to equalize the depigmented areas.
What causes pigmentation?
- Sun exposure: these spots are known as solar lentigos.
- Age: these skin changes are senile lentigos.
- Hormonal changes: mainly due to pregnancy or contraception. These spots are known as melasmas.
- Photosensitizers: stains caused by drugs or even perfumes.
- Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation: from wounds or acne marks.
How can I treat it?
In India, we are exposed to many external factors that gradually affect our skin, including: pollution, stress, dust and even pesticides. That is why specialists recommend the daily use of antioxidants that help our skin to recover on its own.
Whether it is products for oral or topical use, the most important thing is that vitamin C is among its components, since this is a powerful antioxidant that effectively prevents pigmentation.
Although topical agents and sun protection can prevent further damage, there are many clinical treatments that can treat pigmentation, among them we have laser treatments, and the most effective; the deep exfoliation of the skin with chemicals with a high concentration of acid that effectively remove blemishes.
However, all these treatments must be performed by a professional. The treatment of stains caused by solar action is not easy and therefore, prevention is the best tool to avoid them, especially the use of high protection against the sun.
It is the pharmacist who can best advise you on the appropriate sunscreen and sunscreen habits, which will prevent the appearance of spots that can cause psychological and skin problems in those who suffer from them.