This vegetable can be eaten raw, cooked or juiced and can be found in different colors: yellow, orange, red, purple and white. The main difference between them lies in their composition, the most common being that orange is rich mainly in alpha and beta carotenes, sources of provitamin A.
In the case of yellow ones, they have a higher concentration of lutein; the red ones are rich in a powerful antioxidant called lycopene and; lastly the purple ones, which are rich in anthocyanins.
In addition to taking care of visual health, they also help prevent premature aging, improve the immune system and could prevent some types of cancers.
1. Improve digestion
The carrot is rich in soluble and insoluble fibers such as pectin, cellulose, lignin and hemicellulose, these help fight constipation because they increase the volume of the stool, in addition to this, they decrease intestinal transit and help stimulate multiplication and the activity of bacteria good for the intestine.
2. Prevent early aging and cancer
Because it is rich in antioxidants such as vitamin A and polyphenols, it prevents cell damage caused by free radicals, preventing not only early aging, but also reducing the risk of cancer, such as lung, breast and stomach cancer. It also has a substance called falcarinol, which could reduce the risk of colon cancer.
3. Maintain the tan and take care of the skin
Consuming carrots during the summer could help maintain your tan for longer, since beta-carotenes and lutein stimulate skin pigmentation, promoting your natural tan. In addition to this, beta-carotene could exert a protective effect against UV rays.
However, its effectiveness will depend on the amount ingested before exposure to the sun. The intake of 100 g of carrot juice provides 9.2 mg of beta-carotene and the cooked carrot provides 5.4 mg.
4. Help lose weight
Including carrots daily in meals helps increase satiety, since 1 medium raw carrot provides about 3.2 grams of fiber. In addition to this, it provides few calories, and can be included in both raw and cooked salads, however, by itself it does not fulfill this effect, so it must be included in a diet low in calories, fat and sugar.
5. Protect vision
Carrots are rich in beta-carotene, precursor substances of vitamin A. In the case of yellow carrots that contain lutein, they could exert a protective action against macular degeneration and cataracts.