Chamomile contains several bioactive phytochemicals, which protect plants from infections, give them aroma and color and particular properties. As they are not nutrients, they are not essential for human consumption, but they increase the action of other nutrients.
Healing components of chamomile
Chamomile contains about 28 terpenoids and 36 flavonoid compounds in which we can find different bioactive components: coumarins, flavonoids, terpenoids and mucilages, which are responsible for the surprising benefits of chamomile.
Although most of these names are too complicated to remember, terpenoids possess aromatic qualities and antibacterial effects, while flavonoids have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antiallergic, antibiotic, antidiarrheal, and anticancer effects.
Science has shown that chamomile tea has anti-inflammatory and immunostimulating effects and a great ability to soothe pain in the digestive system. Thanks to the flavonoid components, chamomile tea inhibits the release of prostaglandin E (2).
Which is responsible for regulating the immune system, reducing blood pressure, improving nerve transmission, regenerating cells and controlling the effects of estrogens and of progesterone. Chamomile also reduces the activity of the COX-2 enzyme, which occurs when there is pain and inflammation.
What is the best way to consume chamomile?
The most popular way to consume chamomile is through infusions. Chamomile tea is one of the most popular herbal teas in the world and about a million cups are consumed every day.
Chamomile is used to relieve restlessness, tension, anxiety, headache; in infusions it can serve as a sedative to help relax and reduce insomnia. Some studies show that chamomile capsules can reduce anxiety in patients with anxiety disorders.
Chamomile is traditionally used to treat problems related to the digestive system, such as irritable bowel syndrome, indigestion, colic, diarrhea, and gas. Chamomile acts as a relaxant for the stomach muscles, including the smooth intestines. It also has antimicrobial properties, which is why it is used as an ingredient in ointments, creams and gels used to treat skin irritations and injuries. Chamomile is also known for its anti-inflammatory properties.