For this reason, it is important to know which are the foods that have low levels of potassium, being able to include them in the diet with caution, and which are those that have medium or high levels of this mineral.
In addition to this, there are some techniques that can be applied to reduce the concentration of potassium in food, such as removing the shell, leaving the food to soak and / or cooking it with plenty of water, for example.
The amount of potassium to be ingested per day should be established by a nutritionist, because it will depend on several factors, not only on the person's disease but also on how the potassium value is found in blood tests.
How to lower potassium in food?
To reduce the amount of potassium in grains, fruits and vegetables, they should be peeled and cut into cubes before cooking, then they should be placed in water leaving them to soak for 2 hours and when cooking they should be placed in plenty of water, without salt.
In addition to this, the water should be changed and discarded when the vegetables or grains are half cooked, since this water will contain more than half the potassium that was in the food.
- Other tips to follow are:
Avoid the use of light or diet salt, because it is composed of 50% sodium chloride and 50% potassium chloride;
Limit the consumption of mate tea and black tea, since they have a high content of potassium;Avoid eating whole foods;
Avoid the consumption of alcoholic beverages, since high amounts could reduce the amount of potassium excreted in the urine;
Consume just 2 servings of fruit per day, preferably cooked and peeled;
Avoid cooking the beans in a pressure cooker, steamed or in the microwave.
It is also important to remember that patients who urinate normally should ingest at least 1.5 L of water per day, to help the kidneys eliminate excess potassium, in the case of patients whose urine consumption is decreased. fluids should be guided by the nephrologist or a nutritionist.
High levels of potassium in the blood can cause heart palpitations, nausea, vomiting and heart attack, and must be treated with alterations in eating and, when necessary, with the use of medications recommended by the doctor. Learn what can happen if potassium in the blood is altered.